In 1839, Springfield became the third and permanent capital of Illinois, thanks in large part to the efforts of Abraham Lincoln and his associates. Lincoln moved to Springfield in 1837, working as a lawyer and politician for the next 24 years leading up to his Presidency.
The outbreak of the American Civil War breathed new life into the local economy, with myriad businesses, industries and railroads constructed in support of the war effort.
After the war’s conclusion, Springfield continued to flourish as an important railroad hub and coal-mining center.
The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum in Springfield works tirelessly to preserve and interpret the legacy of our nation’s 16th President. The Lincoln Collection includes more than 52,000 Lincoln artifacts. Lincoln’s Springfield home, visitor center and the four surrounding blocks are recognized as a national historic site.
The Lincoln Tomb, the final resting place of President Lincoln, his wife Mary Todd Lincoln and three of their sons, appears on the National Register of Historic Places, along with three adjoining war memorials.
On average, Springfield enjoys 200 days of sunshine each year. High temperatures in July reach 87 degrees, while January lows tumble to around 18. Annual rainfall is approximately 35 inches, and yearly snow accumulation is about 22.5 inches.
Educational needs in our community are served by Springfield Public Schools. Known for churning out leaders and public servants, the University of Illinois Springfield provides continuing education to area students. One of three campuses comprising the University of Illinois system, UIS features a small but diverse student body and faculty. Memorial Medical Center is an acute-care hospital providing inpatient and outpatient care in Springfield. The flagship facility of Hospital Sisters Health System, St. John’s Hospital is a 431-bed medical center serving central and southern Illinois. Abraham Lincoln Capital Airport handles regional air travel.
Central Illinois offers various opportunities for enjoying the outdoors. Spanning 26 square miles in the west-central part of the state, Jim Edgar Panther Creek State Fish and Wildlife Area boasts a rich tapestry of forest, farmland, hill prairie, scattered wetlands, two major creeks and their tributaries. Hunters will discover robust populations of white-tailed deer, wild turkey, pheasant, quail, dove, rabbit, squirrel and furbearers. Several lakes, ponds and streams offer fishing and water sports.
Covering 4,260 acres, Lake Springfield is the largest municipally owned lake in Illinois. Its 57 miles of shoreline include 735 residential sites, eight public parks, numerous docks and boat ramps. The warm waters are teeming with largemouth bass, crappie and catfish, and the lake is the premier boating destination in central Illinois. Remember to visit the Henson Robinson Zoo and the Lincoln Memorial Gardens while you’re there.
Celebrate the golden age of Route 66 during the International Route 66 Mother Road Festival. This annual event showcases vintage vehicles, delicious food, live music and entertainment in the heart of Historic Downtown Springfield.
If you’re looking to buy or sell a country home, row crop farm or hunting tract, reach out to the friendly agents at United Country – Illinois Land Sales & Auction. Let our knowledge and expertise go to work for you.